OA can be diagnosed through either X-ray testing, an assessment of common symptoms, or both. OA that is diagnosed and monitored through X-rays can be referred to as radiographic osteoarthritis. OA that is assessed and monitored through the evaluation of symptoms can be referred to as symptomatic osteoarthritis.
For advanced cases, surgery may be necessary. The three surgical options are: Arthroscopy, to assess and treat some of the surface damage; Joint replacement (arthroplasty); and Joint fusion (arthrodesis).
Possible medications include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen; acetaminophen; cortisone injections (for temporary relief of pain and stiffness in joints).