Source: Arthritis Foundation
Arthritis is a group of conditions involving damage to the joints of the body.
There are over 100 different forms of arthritis and the most common form,osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and autoimmune diseases in which the body attacks itself. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection.
The major complaint by individuals who have arthritis is pain. Pain is often a constant and daily feature of the disease. The pain may be localized to the back, neck, hip, knee or feet. The pain from arthritis occurs due to inflammation that occurs around the joint, damage to the joint from disease, daily wear and tear of joint, muscles strains caused by forceful movements against stiff, painful joints and fatigue. The most important factor in treatment is to understand the disorder and find ways to overcome the obstacles which prevent physical exercise.
Osteoarthritis: The basics about this disease that affects 27 million Americans
If you’ve been diagnosed with osteoarthritis, you’re not alone. This chronic disease affects some 27 million Americans. Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of cartilage – the part of a joint that cushions the ends of the bones and allows easy movement. As cartilage deteriorates, bones begin to rub against one another. This can cause stiffness and pain that make it difficult for you to use that joint. Osteoarthritis can also damage ligaments, menisci and muscles. Over time osteoarthritis may create a need for joint replacements.
There are two types of osteoarthritis – primary and secondary. Primary osteoarthritis is generally associated with aging and the "wear and tear" of life. The older you are, the more likely you are to have some degree of primaryosteoarthritis.
However, not everyone gets it – not even the very old. That’s because OA is a disease, and not part of the normal aging process. Secondary osteoarthritis, in contrast, tends to develop relatively early in life, typically 10 or more years after a specific cause, such as an injury or obesity.
Osteoarthritis occurs most often in knees, hips and hands. Other joints, particularly the shoulders, can also be affected. OA rarely affects other joints, except as a result of injury or unusual physical stress.
The pain and stiffness of osteoarthritis can make it difficult to do daily activities including your job, play sports or even get around with ease. That’s why it’s important to learn all you can about this disease, how it affects you and how to live with it – a process called self management.
About Rheumatoid Osteoarthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis: The basics about this disease that affects 1.3 million Americans
Rheumatoid arthritis, is a form of inflammatory arthritis and an autoimmune disease. For reasons no one fully understands, in Rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system – which is designed to protect our health by attacking foreign cells such as viruses and bacteria – instead attacks the body’s own tissues, specifically the synovium, a thin membrane that lines the joints. As a result of the attack, fluid builds up in the joints, causing pain in the joints and inflammation that’s systemic – meaning it can occur throughout the body.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, meaning it can’t be cured. Most people with Rheumatoid arthritis experience intermittent bouts of intense disease activity, called flares. In some people the disease is continuously active and gets worse over time. Others enjoy long periods of remission – no disease activity or symptoms at all. Evidence shows that early diagnosis and aggressive treatment to put the disease into remission is the best means of avoiding joint destruction, organ damage and disability.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms and course of rheumatoid arthritis vary from person to person and can change on a daily basis. Your joints may feel warm to the touch and you might notice a decreased range of motion, as well as inflammation, swelling and pain in the areas around the affected joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is symmetrical, meaning if a joint on one side of the body is affected, the corresponding joint on the other side of the body is also involved. Because the inflammation is systemic, you’re likely to feel fatigued and you may become anemic, lose your appetite and run a low-grade fever.
Rheumatoid arthritis may affect many different joints and cause damage to cartilage, tendons and ligaments – it can even wear away the ends of your bones. One common outcome is joint deformity and disability. Some people withRheumatoid arthritis develop rheumatoid nodules; lumps of tissue that form under the skin, often over bony areas exposed to pressure. These occur most often around the elbows but can be found elsewhere on the body, such as on the fingers, over the spine or on the heels. Over time, the inflammation that characterizes Rheumatoid arthritis can also affect numerous organs and internal systems.
People from different places in the country and abroad come to Aurangabad to seek advice and treatment from Dr. Santpure Shivkumar, Consultant Joint Replacement Surgeon, at Kamalnayan Bajaj Hospital, Aurangabad. Kamalnayan Bajaj Hospital is one of the largest private hospitals in State of Maharashtra and a pioneering hospital in the field of Joint Replacement surgery in India. Kamalnayan Bajaj Hospital is a reputed multi-specialty hospital, renowned for its excellent medical expertise, nursing care and diagnostic services. The hospital is in tune with the latest technology that promotes the health care and well-being of the patient. There are 5 operating theatres equipped with laminar airflow and the most sophisticated equipment for replacement surgery. Post operative care involves the use of most sophisticated methods to control pain and hasten recovery, such as epidural pump, sequential compression device and CPM. All these ensure excellent range of motion of the joint and quick return to a normal active pain free life. Visit Aurangabad in India, a popular destination for Medical Tourism that is growing in popularity for Total Knee Replacement &Total Hip Replacement. Inclusive of imported material the cost of surgery is less than 1/10th that of in the US.